Qualcomm wins preliminary China import ruling against some iPhone models

China ruling could ban some Apple iPhones sales amid Qualcomm fight


(Reuters) – Chip supplier Qualcomm Inc on Monday said it had won a preliminary order from a Chinese court banning the sale of several older Apple Inc iPhone models in China due to two patent violations around software features, though Apple said its phones remain available in the country.

The preliminary order from the Fuzhou Intermediate People’s Court, issued last week, affects the iPhone 6S through the iPhone X that were originally sold with older versions of Apple’s iOS operating system. It is not clear what the ruling means for phones with Apple’s newer operating system, and Apple said all iPhone models remain for sale in China. The trio of models released in September were not part of the case.

China, Hong Kong and Taiwan are Apple’s third-largest market, accounting for about one-fifth of Apple’s $265.6 billion in sales in its most recent fiscal year.

The Chinese case is part of a global patent fight between Apple and Qualcomm that includes lawsuits filed in dozens of jurisdictions around the world. Qualcomm has also asked regulators in the United States to ban the importation of several iPhone models over patent concerns, but U.S. officials have so far declined to do so.

Qualcomm, the biggest supplier of chips for mobile phones, filed its case in China in late 2017, arguing that Apple infringed patents on features related to resizing photographs and managing apps on a touch screen.

Apple responded that “Qualcomm’s effort to ban our products is another desperate move by a company whose illegal practices are under investigation by regulators around the world.”

COURT BATTLE OVER DETAILS

Qualcomm general counsel Don Rosenberg said in a statement the Chinese court orders are effective now and applied to specific features, rather than to an operating system.

Rosenberg said the company would seek enforcement of the Chinese orders if it determines Apple phones have the features in question and that Qualcomm will challenge any assertion that its patents do not apply to Apple’s current iPhones.

The court that handed down the ruling in China’s Fujian province earlier this year banned the import of some of memory chip maker Micron Technology Inc’s chips into China.

The provincial Chinese court, which is separate from the China’s specialized intellectual property courts in Beijing, is unusual in that one party can request a ban on its opponents’ products from the judge without giving the opponent a chance to present a defense. The target of the ban sometimes learns of it only when the judge issues the preliminary injunction ordering it.

Apple said Monday that it had filed a request for reconsideration with the court, the first step in appealing the ban. To stop the sale of phones, Qualcomm separately will have to file complaints in what is known as an enforcement tribunal, where Apple will also have a chance to appeal.

FILE PHOTO: The logo of Qualcomm is seen during the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, Spain February 27, 2018. REUTERS/Yves Herman/File Photo

Apple shares were up about 1 percent at $169.50, recovering from an early drop when it became clear phones were still on sale. Qualcomm shares were up 2.3 percent to $57.25.

Yiqiang Li, a patent lawyer at Faegre Baker Daniels who is not involved in the case, said the Chinese injunction could put pressure on Apple to reach a global settlement with Qualcomm.

The specific iPhone models affected by the preliminary ruling in China are the iPhone 6S, iPhone 6S Plus, iPhone 7, iPhone 7 Plus, iPhone 8, iPhone 8 Plus and iPhone X.

Reporting by Stephen Nellis in San Francisco; Additional reporting by Jan Wolfe in Washington; Editing by Anthony Lin, Susan Thomas and Lisa Shumaker



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Brexit backstop assurances will be irrelevant if not in divorce deal: Rees-Mogg

Brexit backstop assurances will be irrelevant if not in divorce deal: Rees-Mogg


FILE PHOTO: Conservative MP Jacob Rees-Mogg attends a meeting of the pro-Brexit European Research Group in London, Britain, November 20, 2018. REUTERS/Henry Nicholls

LONDON (Reuters) – Any assurances Britain secures from the European Union on the Irish backstop in the Brexit divorce deal will be “completely irrelevant” if they are not in the Withdrawal Agreement, eurosceptic lawmaker Jacob Rees-Mogg said on Monday.

He said the chance of Britain leaving the EU without a deal had increased after Prime Minister Theresa May delayed a vote in parliament on the agreement and said she would instead go back to the EU to seek further reassurances.

“Anything that is not physically in the treaty is ‘junior law’, so if the prime minister comes back with a statement, warm words, it’s completely irrelevant because the treaty outranks it,” Rees-Mogg told reporters. “Unless it’s an amendment to the treaty, it’s pointless.”

The strongest opposition to May’s deal centers around the so-called backstop, an insurance policy designed to prevent a hard border between EU member Ireland and British-ruled Northern Ireland.

Rees-Mogg echoed the Northern Irish Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), which is supposed to prop up May’s government but is committed to voting against her deal, by saying the backstop had to be removed entirely.

“It would be transformative if the backstop were removed. But, this is the whole backstop, this isn’t some paragraph saying it will finish in 2025 or something. It has to be out, because no one would believe the 2025 date,” he said.

Reporting by William James and Ben Martin; editing by Elizabeth Piper



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Cops rip child from mom during arrest

NYPD officers pry 1-year-old child from mother’s arms in startling video


One officer reaches down and begins to pull. The officer yanks harder, and harder, and the woman’s cries become louder.

“You’re hurting my son! You’re hurting my son!” she yells.

A tug of war ensues, and as noise from the horrified crowd builds, an officer brandishes a yellow stun gun and begins to point it around the room, a government welfare office in Brooklyn.

The stunning and hectic scene, captured on video and posted to Facebook, ends with the woman in handcuffs escorted from the scene — and her 1-year-old son elsewhere. A family member took custody of the child following the arrest, the NYPD said.

The forceful arrest of the unarmed mother at a social services office has caused a significant backlash, particularly from those who saw it as an unnecessarily violent escalation and a symbol of how the poor are treated in America.

“Being poor is not a crime. The actions of the NYPD in this video are appalling and contemptible,” said Letitia James, the Public Advocate for New York City.

Facing criticism, the NYPD and the New York City Human Resources Administration are now reviewing that December 7 arrest.

“Video images of the incident in the 84th precinct are troubling,” the NYPD said in a statement, adding that the review will “include examination of all available video of the incident.”

Brooklyn Borough President Eric Adams said the incident was particularly upsetting because it occurred at a location meant to connect the government to people in need.

“The police should not be a tool to further exacerbate a situation between a (member of the) public who is seeking some type of assistance,” Adams said.

Mother was trying to renew child-care benefit

The mother, Jazmine Headley, 23, faces four charges in the incident, including resisting arrest, acting in a manner injurious to a child, obstructing governmental administration and criminal trespass, the NYPD said.

Headley is currently being held at Riker’s Island and is expected to make a court appearance on December 13.

In a statement, the Brooklyn District Attorney’s Office said Headley is still being held in jail in connection with a warrant from New Jersey. The Mercer County Sheriff’s office confirmed to CNN that Headley has an outstanding arrest warrant from NJ Superior Court from July 2017 for failure to appear in relation to credit card fraud.

NYPD officers pried a 1-year-old child from his mother's arms in a disturbing video that is now under review.

The incident began on Friday just before 1 p.m. when police responded to a harassment complaint at the Fort Greene Food Stamp Center in Brooklyn.

Police were called after office staff and HRA security unsuccessfully tried to remove Headley from the facility “due to her disorderly conduct towards others, and for obstructing the hallway,” according to police.

Facebook user Monae Sinclair, who posted the video, said that there were no chairs available so Headley sat in the corner on the floor. A security guard came over and exchanged words with her, and the police later arrived.

Headley was told by police numerous times to leave the location and refused, the NYPD said. HRA security then brought the woman to the floor and NYPD officers attempted to place her under arrest, the NYPD said.

“She refused to comply with officers’ orders, and was then taken into custody,” police said in a statement.

The video illustrates in graphic clarity the show of force implicit in that police statement. Headley refused medical treatment for both herself and her son, police said. There were no officer injuries in the incident.

Lisa Schreibersdorf, executive director of Brooklyn Defender Services, said Headley was there because her child-care benefit, which allowed her to maintain her job, had ended. She took a day off of work to come to the social services office and try to resolve the issue and get her child back in daycare, Schreibersdorf said.

Headley arrived at 9 a.m. and waited at the office for four hours. She was asked to move from her spot on the floor multiple times, Schreibersdorf said, but there were no seats available.

Security then decided to call police, a step that Schreibersdorf and Adams said was an unnecessary escalation. Responding police escalated the scene even further by using the child as a “pawn” and pulling him out of his mother’s arms, Schreibersdorf said.

She said it was “absurd” that Headley was charged with endangering her child in the incident. And she said that the district attorney asked for and the judge issued a full order of protection, which means that Headley cannot see her child right now.

“The escalation of this not only points out something very disturbing about the police and police solutions to these incidences, but it also highlights how one decision on the police to arrest somebody can actually really fan out and create so many consequences for this family,” she said.

Comparison to Trump’s separation policy

Adams compared the incident to the separation of migrant families at the US-Mexico border.

“This is a blemish on our entire city. Anytime our well-trained police officers cannot de-escalate a situation between mother and child without looking like Border Patrol police snatching away babies and children, that says that we’re not doing what we need to do correctly,” Adams said.

Adams added that the incident was particularly unfair because many of the people at that office are already struggling.

“This is supposed to be a place where families come to regain their dignity and respect, and not have it ripped from us,” he said.

Corey Johnson, the speaker of the New York City Council, said the incident was “unacceptable, appalling and heart breaking.”

“I’d like to understand what transpired and how these officers or the NYPD justifies this. It’s hard to watch this video,” he said on Twitter.
On Facebook, James called for a full investigation into the officers’ conduct and said the results should be made public. She also called for the officers involved, including their assigned supervisor, to be assigned to desk duty until an investigation is complete.

“No mother should have to experience the trauma and humiliation we all witnessed in this video,” she said.

CNN’s Mark Morales and Carolyn Sung contributed to this report.



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Exclusive: Ghosn wanted to retrieve cash, artwork from Rio apt: court filing

Exclusive: Nissan, Ghosn clash over Rio apartment filled with art, cash – filing


SAO PAULO/TOKYO (Reuters) – A Rio de Janeiro apartment containing cash, art works and personal belongings of Carlos Ghosn has become the latest battleground between the indicted former Nissan Motor Co Ltd (7201.T) chairman and the automaker.

FILE PHOTO – Carlos Ghosn, Chairman and CEO of the Renault-Nissan Alliance, attends a news conference to unveil Renault’s next mid-term strategic plan in Paris, France, October 6, 2017. REUTERS/Charles Platiau/File Photo

Ghosn is seeking to retrieve “personal belongings, documents, cash, objects and art pieces” from the beachfront apartment, which Nissan says it owns. The home could contain evidence of financial misconduct, according to a filing by Nissan in a Brazilian court last week.

The previously unreported court papers show the extent of the legal dispute between Ghosn and Nissan over access to the apartment, one of several around the world he has been able to use. Nissan alleges Ghosn underreported his income by tens of millions of dollars and diverted corporate funds for personal use.

The legal dispute between Ghosn and Nissan extends far beyond Japan, where the scandal first broke and where Ghosn was formally charged on Monday.

The Rio apartment contains three safes that Nissan has yet to open, according to the filings. The carmaker found them when it did an audit of the apartment following Ghosn’s firing, the company said.

The apartment also has “designer furniture, artwork and decorative objects,” it added.

The Rio apartment was purchased by a Nissan subsidiary in late 2011 following the carmaker’s launch of a factory in the nearby city of Resende.

Nissan bought the apartment expecting that Ghosn’s trips to Brazil, where he was born and maintains citizenship, would “become more constant” after the factory opened, Nissan said in the filings.

The apartment is in the Copacabana neighborhood, on a road directly facing Rio’s famous beaches. An apartment in the same building was listed online for 12 million reais ($3.07 million).

Monday’s indictment in Japan puts the ball back in the court of Nissan’s alliance partner, Renault (RENA.PA). The French company, which owns a 43.4 percent stake in Nissan, is preparing for a Dec. 13 board meeting likely to consider Ghosn’s future as its chairman and chief executive.

Renault has so far stopped short of dismissing Ghosn while repeatedly demanding access to the findings of the Nissan internal investigation that led to his arrest.

`RISK OF DESTRUCTION OF EVIDENCE`

Court proceedings in Brazil started on Nov. 29 when a lawyer for Ghosn asked a judge to grant him access to the Rio apartment.

Nissan says allowing him access would “represent an incalculable risk of destruction of potential evidence of crimes allegedly committed.” So far he has been denied access by Brazil’s courts.

A lawyer for Ghosn, Jose Roberto de Castro Neves, told Reuters he was unaware of the existence of three different safes and that it was “absurd speculation” that they may contain evidence of wrongdoing.

“He’s a very smart guy,” de Castro Neves said in a brief phone interview. “If he had done something wrong, he would never leave it in the apartment.”

Hailed for bringing Nissan back from the brink of bankruptcy, Ghosn is a well known figure in Brazil, where he was born.

Tokyo prosecutors on Monday indicted Ghosn for under-reporting his income and also charged the automaker, making Nissan culpable for the alleged financial misconduct, which has shocked the industry. Ghosn was arrested in Japan on Nov. 19 and is being held in a Tokyo jail.

Ghosn has not made any statement through his lawyers in Japan but has denied the allegations, according to local media.

Reporting by Marcelo Rochabrun; editing by Jeffrey Benkoe and Steve Orlofsky



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Google+ shutdown speeds up, new privacy bug affected 52.5 million users

Google+ shutdown speeds up, new privacy bug affected 52.5 million users


An illuminated Google logo is seen inside an office building in Zurich, Switzerland December 5, 2018. Picture taken with a fisheye lens. REUTERS/Arnd Wiegmann

SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) – Alphabet Inc’s (GOOGL.O) Google said on Monday it would shut down its Google+ social media service in April, four months ahead of schedule, after finding a software flaw for the second time this year that allowed partner apps to access its users’ private data.

However, Google said in a blog post that it found no evidence that any other apps had accessed the data, such as name, email, gender and age, using the latest bug. It affected 52.5 million Google+ accounts, including those of some business customers, for six days after it was introduced last month, Google said.

The disclosure comes a day before Chief Executive Sundar Pichai is set to testify before the House Judiciary Committee of the U.S. Congress about Google’s data collection practices. Some U.S. lawmakers from both major political parties have called for new privacy rules to better control Google, Facebook Inc (FB.O) and other large technology companies.

In October, the company said it would shut down the consumer version Google+ in August 2019 because it would be too challenging to maintain the unpopular service. At the time, it said profile data from up to 500,000 users might have been exposed to partner apps by a bug that was present for more than two years.

Apps that pull data from Google+ to personalize their own services with user authorization will lose access in 90 days, the company said. Developing Google+ for business customers would remain a focus, it added.

Reporting by Paresh Dave; Editing by Richard Chang



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This illustration shows the position of NASA's Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 probes outside the heliosphere, a protective bubble created by the sun that extends well past the orbit of Pluto.

NASA: Voyager 2 spacecraft reaches interstellar space


Voyager 2 is now NASA’s longest-running mission, with 41 years under its belt.

This boundary is where hot solar wind meets cold interstellar space, and it’s called the heliopause. Mission scientists compared data from instruments on Voyager 2 to determine that the actual date of the crossing was November 5, when the solar wind particles around the probe dipped greatly, meaning it left the heliosphere.

“There is still a lot to learn about the region of interstellar space immediately beyond the heliopause,” Voyager project scientist Ed Stone said in a statement.

Voyager 1, launched just a few weeks after Voyager 2, crossed the same boundary in 2012 and exited the heliosphere, a bubble of magnetic fields and particles created by the sun.

However, just because the probes have left the heliosphere doesn’t mean they have left our solar system. Its boundary is the outermost edge of the Oort Cloud, a group of small objects influenced by the gravity of our sun.

The mission scientists believe that it would take Voyager 2,300 years to reach the inner edge of the cloud and 30,000 years to fly past it completely.

Voyager 2 carries something unique: the Plasma Science Experiment instrument. This instrument stopped working on Voyager 1 in 1980, but it’s still operating on Voyager 2.

Voyager 1 spacecraft thrusters fired up for first time since 1980

The instrument will be able to take unprecedented observations in this part of interstellar space and send them back to mission scientists. The scientists can still communicate with Voyager 2, even in interstellar space, but the data takes about 16.5 hours to travel back to Earth.

“Voyager has a very special place for us in our heliophysics fleet,” Nicola Fox, director of the Heliophysics Division at NASA Headquarters, said in a statement. “Our studies start at the Sun and extend out to everything the solar wind touches. To have the Voyagers sending back information about the edge of the Sun’s influence gives us an unprecedented glimpse of truly uncharted territory.”

The probes are now “senior citizens,” but they’re in “good health” considering their age, Voyager project manager Suzanne Dodd said Monday. The greatest concerns about keeping the probes operating are power and thermal. Voyager 2 loses about 4 watts of power a year, and mission scientists have to shut off systems to keep instruments operating. The cameras for both probes are no longer on.

Voyager probes fulfill 40 years of space exploration

Voyager 2 is very cold — about 3.6 degrees Kelvin and close to the freezing point of hydrogen — causing concerns about the probe’s thruster.

Trades between power and thermal will continue to keep it operating as long as possible.

“There is a lot of science data ahead, and we anticipate we can operate for five to six or almost 10 more years, just not with all instruments on,” Dodd said. “There are difficult decisions ahead, but those will be made with getting the most science value back. My personal goal is to get them to last 50 years total.”

Voyager 2 launched August 20,1977, 16 days before Voyager 1. Both probes are landmark missions that continue the journey of exploration in unexplored territory, the agency said. Both were designed as five-year missions to study Jupiter and Saturn up close, and when those were successful, flybys were added for Uranus and Neptune.

Voyager's Golden Record still plays on

Remote-control programming allowed the spacecraft to keep flying well beyond their intended targets and explore more of the “final frontier.”

Both probes still carry Golden Records containing pictures, messages and sounds from Earth because the spacecraft could outlast human civilization by billions of years.

“I think we’re all happy and relieved that the Voyager probes have both operated long enough to make it past this milestone,” Dodd said. “This is what we’ve all been waiting for. Now, we’re looking forward to what we’ll be able to learn from having both probes outside the heliopause.”



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Trump blasts Sessions over GOP congressmen indictments

Donald Trump increasingly anxious over political future amid chief of staff search


Trump has become increasingly concerned in recent weeks about what his administration is facing come January, when newly empowered Democrats are expected to unleash the full force of their oversight powers on the Trump administration.

Those include compelling Cabinet secretaries to testify, requesting the President’s tax returns and scrutinizing some of his most controversial policy decisions. Trump often complained that Kelly, a retired four-star Marine general, was not politically shrewd enough for the task.

Ayers not taking job as White House chief of staff

The details of the President’s discussions, which have not been reported on previously, reveal how close Ayers was to becoming chief of staff. He and Trump huddled several times over the last week in the residence of the White House, where they were afforded more privacy than in the staff-filled West Wing, but they ultimately could not agree to terms and Ayers declined the job. He will leave the vice president’s office at the end of the month to run the super PAC set up to assist the President’s re-election campaign.

Trump has privately told confidants he wants his new chief of staff to shift the goals of the West Wing away from legislation and toward politics, sources said. He did not outline specific things he wanted Ayers to change in the West Wing, but was generally relying on the politically savvy young aide to make changes on his own that could bolster the White House ahead of what is expected to be a tumultuous year.

Trump has remarked on several occasions that his West Wing needs aides who are more politically adept. That problem is only exacerbated by the departures of two White House aides in recent days: the political director Bill Stepien and Justin Clark, the director of the office of public liaison. Both are leaving the administration to work on Trump’s re-election campaign.

And multiple White House officials have complained privately that Shahira Knight, the legislative affairs director, is more focused on the policy than navigating the political realities of Washington, including managing relationships with lawmakers.

Trump is now embarking on a hasty search for a new chief of staff with no obvious choice in mind.

He predicted Ayers would budge on his demand to be chief of staff on an interim basis, with a set departure date of this spring, and was not prepared with a second option. Kelly, who attended a holiday party at the White House Sunday night and reported to work Monday, is expected to leave at the end of the month.



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UK government will decide when Brexit vote takes place: parliamentary leader

UK government will decide when Brexit vote takes place: parliamentary leader


FILE PHOTO: Britain’s, Leader of the House of Commons, Andrea Leadsom, arrives in Downing Street, in central London, Britain December 6, 2018. REUTERS/ Toby Melville

LONDON (Reuters) – British Prime Minister Theresa May’s government will decide when parliament will vote on her Brexit agreement with the European Union, the governing Conservative Party’s leader in the lower house said on Monday.

Explaining the procedure for delaying the vote which had been due to take place on Tuesday, Andrea Leadsom, leader of the House of Commons, said: “It is then for government to decide when to bring that order back for debate.”

Reporting by Kylie MacLellan, Editing by Elizabeth Piper



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Explained: All that happened after RBI Governor Urjit Patel resigned | 10 points

Explained: All that happened after RBI Governor Urjit Patel resigned | 10 points


Monday, December 10 was expected to be a non-happening day as all the happenings were expected to happen on December 11, when assembly election results of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Telangana and Mizoram will be announced. But Monday had its own plans. With the resignation of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor Urjit Patel, the Narendra Modi government suffered a massive unsuspecting blow. The Opposition took no time in using it to strengthen its ammunition against PM Modi. Comments, reactions and criticism flew thick and fast from party chiefs, chief ministers, and market experts through the evening.

Here is all that happened on Monday in 10 simple points:

1) RBI Governor Urjit Patel resigned from his post after a long-draw battle of disagreements with the central government. In his short resignation letter, Patel did not write anything critical of the government and said his decision to resign was a personal one.

2) Analysts on the other hand said this decision was taken because the Modi government for long had been trying to pressure the RBI to ease its lending norms and other policies.

3) Media reports in November has said that Urjit Patel had a meeting with PM Modi and discussed the various points of friction between the central bank and the Prime Minister’s Office. It was learnt that a middle ground had been agreed. But Patel’s sudden resignation, just three days ahead of a key RBI Board meeting, suggests that things weren’t on the right track.

4) Initially, there were reports that RBI Deputy Governor Viral Acharya too has resigned. However, the RBI later clarified that this was incorrect. Acharya’s name is important because his speech in late October was the first major indication that the RBI and the central government are sharing less than cordial relations. In his speech, Acharya had cautioned the government from infringing upon the RBI’s autonomy, saying that doing this may prove to be catastrophic.

5) Soon after Urjit Patel’s resignation, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley wrote public messages in praise of Patel’s work as the central bank governor. Modi said he will be missed.

6) The Opposition latched upon the news of Patel’s resignation. Congress president Rahul Gandhi alleged Patel had to resign because he was trying to save the institution of RBI from PM Modi’s government. West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee termed the BJP a party whose leaders are behaving like dictators.

7) Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh too issued a comment on Patel’s resignation. He said RBI Governor Urjit Patel’s sudden decision to step down is a severe blow to the economy. Patel’s sudden resignation, at a time when the Indian economy is faced with many headwinds is very unfortunate and is a severe blow to the nation’s economy, he said in a statement.

8) Urjit Patel’s resignation had immediate effect on the market. The Rupee forwards posted their biggest daily slump in more than five years; the Sensex fell by nearly 750 points and closed at less than the 35,000 mark on Monday evening.

9) Experts have cautioned that the markets may be volatile for the next few days until the government takes reassuring decisions to ease investor’s concerns.

10) The central government has announced that Urjit Patel’s successor will be selected by a high-level panel headed by the Cabinet secretary. Once the panel finalises the name, it will be sent to the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

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Anger, sore eyes and a photograph on the streets of Brussels

Anger, sore eyes and a photograph on the streets of Brussels


A woman is sprayed with teargas by the riot police officer during the “yellow vests” protest against higher fuel prices, in Brussels, Belgium, December 8, 2018. REUTERS/Yves Herman/File photo

BRUSSELS (Reuters) – Usually, a golden rule for a news photographer covering a scene of angry confrontation is to get close, but not involved. Sometimes, though, it’s hard to avoid.

In recent days, “yellow vest” protests have spread to Belgium from France. I followed hundreds of people marching through Brussels on Saturday to demand lower fuel prices and better living conditions.

They were blocked from reaching the government quarter by riot police using water cannon and tear gas. Some of the crowd hurled rocks and firecrackers at them.

I could see the police were losing patience. So I picked a position close to them, so they could see I was a journalist doing my job and not part of the protest.

Police squads started surrounding protesters, sending in snatch teams to arrest individuals. As the march was organized on social media without approval from the authorities, police took the view that anyone involved can be detained and taken away. Most are quickly released without charge.

When one young man was seized, a young woman with him rushed toward the line of police, shouting that he had done nothing wrong. She had no mask or helmet and nothing in her hands. She wasn’t even wearing one of the fluorescent yellow vests adopted by the movement.

As she yelled at a policewoman, another officer standing behind the front rank pointed and fired a pepper-spray gun, dousing the young woman in the face. The photo I took dramatically captured the white liquid’s moment of impact and her anguished expression.

She turned away crying and sat down on the road, her eyes and face inflamed. I had a bottle of eyewash as part of my own safety equipment. I put my camera down, asked her to look up and carefully dropped the soothing liquid into her eyes.

Editing by Alastair Macdonald and Andrew Roche



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