The BJP emerged as the single-largest party in Karnataka Assembly election. BS Yeddyurappa formed a government on Wednesday but the Congress and JD(S) moved the Supreme Court claiming that they have the majority. (Photo: PTI)
- Congress got highest vote share and retailed 39 per cent seats won in 2013
- BJP won 77 new seats and retained 67 per cent of its 2013 seats
- JDS retained 42 per cent of 2013 seats but both number and vote share declined
On May 12, Karnataka technically voted for a hung Assembly for the fourth time in all 15 state elections till date. However, 2008 Karnataka Assembly election is not counted as fractured mandate. The BJP had won 110 seats and comfortably formed the government under BS Yeddyurappa with the support from Independents.
In 1983, the first hung Assembly saw the BJP (with 18 MLAs) extending support to Janata Party (95 MLAs) resulting in formation of the Ramkrishna Hegde government. In 2004, the BJP was the single-largest party but the Congress and JD(S) cobbled up post-poll alliance and assumed power in Karnataka.
But this election was different in several ways leading to claims and counter-claims on government formation.
- The Congress lost it but the main challenger the BJP could not decisively win it. In terms of seats, the BJP won 104, the Congress 78 and the JD(S) 37 of 222 Assembly constituencies that went to polls. Two seats remain vacant while three went to others.
- In terms of vote share, the Congress polled 38 per cent registering a clear lead over the BJP’s 36.2 per cent. The Congress has always polled more votes than the BJP in Karnataka. The JD(S) got 18.4 per cent votes.
- Though the Congress’ strength in Karnataka Assembly reduced by 44, its vote percentage actually increased by about 1.5 per cent from 36.59 per cent in 2013. The party retained 48 of 122 or 39.34 per cent seats it had won in 2013. But the Congress also gained 30 seats that it had lost five years ago.
- This means at the Congress party or its candidates faced anti-incumbency in 74 Karnataka Assembly constituencies. But in rest of the state, it gained 30 more seats with improved vote share creating confusion about overall anti-incumbency against the Siddaramaiah government.
- Compared to the Congress, the BJP has made the more remarkable improvement in the Karnataka Assembly election. Its vote share increased by close to 20 per cent (19.89) compared to 2013 election, when the party had won 40 seats.
- The BJP retained 27 of the seats it had won in 2013. The retention rate for the BJP stands at 67.5 per cent. In rest of Karnataka, the BJP won 77 of 182 seats. The BJP emerged as the clear winner in the Karnataka Assembly election but the win was not enough to give it a majority in the house.
- On the other hand, the JD(S) suffered both in terms of number and vote share. Its number declined from 40 to 37. The party retained 17 of its previously held seat – with retention rate better than the Congress at 42.5 per cent. In rest of the constituencies, the JD(S) gained 20 seats. But its overall vote share dipped by nearly two per cent – from 20.13 per cent to 18.3 per cent.